There are basically three major conditions that can affect the prostate:
– Prostatitis, the acute or chronic infection of this gland,
– Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), a progressive pathology caused by the increase of prostate size, and
– Prostate Cancer, the malignant transformation of prostate cells.
Most of these patients have symptoms associated with urination, such as the urgency to urinate, painful urination, increased frequency, frequent nighttime urination, difficulty urinating (especially in the mornings), decrease in the size of the jet, dripping, etc . Nowadays we also know that problems of erection or impotence are more likely to be present in these patients.
The clinical history, physical examination of the prostate and a blood test will be the main basic points in diagnosis. Flowmetry, microbiological cultures of urine, ultrasound and other imaging tests may be needed in some cases.
Treatments for prostatitis will be related to antibiotics and antiinflammatory medication. Benign conditions can be treated medically or surgically (endoscopic, laser or conventional surgery following diagnosis). Prostate cancer treatment depends on when it is diagnosed. Open, conventional or laparoscopic surgery (prostatectomy) may be considered. It can also be treated with radiotherapy or brachytherapy, or androgen blockade with testosterone.
The main innovation in benign pathology has been the application of laser in prostate surgery (making it possible to operate the prostate with only one day of hospitalization and fewer complications involving incontinence and impotence), combined medical treatment and continued treatment with cialis 5 mg, especially in patients with simultaneous problems related to prostate and erection.
Esta página fue repasada el 14/12/2014